Have you ever wonder about how laws are created? There are many intriguing steps to accomplish this task. First, the House of Representatives introduces the bill. Then each bill goes through three steps called reading.
First, the House of Representatives introduces the bill. Then each bill goes through three steps called reading. The first reading occurs when a number is assigned to a bill and enters the Congressional Record. The second reading happens when the bill leaves the committee and back to the House and Senate for debate. The third reading is when the bill is put into the final vote.
After the first reading bills are sent from the House to the Speaker of the House which is the leader of the group. In the Senate the bill will be sent from the senators to the President pro tempore, the leader of the Senate. If the chairperson decides the bill is not important he or she may “pigeonhole” and the bill will not be considered any further.
The second reading consist of debate and vote in the House, then debate and vote in the Senate. The debate in the House has a few strict rules due to the number of people. With fewer people debates in the Senate have looser rules and they are permitted to speak freely. Last the bill enters the conference committee during the second reading. In the committee members of both the Houses and the Senate can confer. If the bill is approved by both the Senate and the House in the same way, then it enters the final vote, or the President.
The President has three choices after receiving the bill, sign it, veto it, or do nothing. When the President signs the bill it automatically becomes a bill. When the President veto the bill, it can be overturned by ⅔ of the Congress approval. When the President do nothing to the bill it is up to the Congress. If the Congress is in session for 10 days (not counting Sunday) after the submitting the bill, it will automatically become a law. If the Congress didn’t stay in session for 10 days after submitting the bill, it will enter the President’s pocket, and get veto.