The pill is technologically advanced, however as a consequence it is very sophisticated and hard to understand how it works.
The pill is supposed to replace injections to the small intestine. Obviously, unlike injections, the pill is swallowed and the pill travels down into your body until it reaches your small intestine. The unique pH level (for those unfamiliar with pH level, pH means the acidity or alkalinity of a substance the) of the small intestine eats the outer layer of the pill and dissolves a tiny valve within the pill, and separates compartments filled with citric acid and sodium bicarbonate.
The two chemicals mix to produce carbon dioxide (co2) that inflates a balloon with tiny drug filled needles made of sugar into the small intestine wall. After that, the needles detach from the pill, and the outer wall slowly dissolves and “meets” nearby blood vessels.
Rather the pill being developed by one pharma, two pharmas are collaborating together to make this pill. Those two companies are Novartis, and Rani Therapeutics. As previously mentioned, these companies are somewhat known for making advancements in the technology/medicine field. High hopes are made for the pill, as the FDA released a PillCam that is a pill like camera to help track colon polyps. However, a pill this advanced might cost a little money, with an estimate of 3-4 million dollars for mass development. Testing for the pil as confirmed by Mir Imran, the man who made the prototype pill, to be as long as 18-24 months.
Although many of us don’t visualize technology merging with something like medicine, but is very much a reality. I believe that the Rani Capsule can help set a foundation for other groundbreaking medicines in the future. I believe that the Rani Capsule will be able to change the world in many ways, despite the numerous problems ahead for its future.